Editor's Note: This article was originally published on the Maurice Wutscher blog and is republished here with permission.
Although just over five pages in length (excluding the cover page and three-page summary), New Jersey S269 is not your garden-variety piece of privacy legislation and is packed with plenty of weedy issues. The bill was introduced by the state Senate Republican leader.
The legislation would capture a significantly greater number of smaller businesses than the California Consumer Privacy Act (CCPA) due to decreased thresholds. A business would be subject to the privacy act if it does business in New Jersey and:
- has an annual gross revenue of $5 million or more (as opposed to $25 million under the CCPA);
- derives 50 percent or more of its annual revenue from selling the personally identifiable information of data subjects; or
- alone or in combination, annually buys, receives, sells, or shares for commercial purposes the personally identifiable information of at least 25,000 data subjects (as opposed to the CCPA’s 50,000 threshold).
Unlike the CCPA, the definition of “business” does not expressly exclude non-profit entities.
Like the CCPA, the legislation would require a notice at collection, but the information required is more onerous. As a refresher, the CCPA and its recently modified proposed regulations require that the notice at collection include:
- the categories of personal information to be collected;
- the business or commercial purposes for the collection;
- a “Do Not Sell My Personal Information” link, if applicable; and
In contrast, the New Jersey legislation would require the notice at collection to include:
- a complete description of the personally identifiable information that the business collects about a data subject and the means by which a business collects the personally identifiable information [as opposed to the CCPA’s categories of information];
- the purpose and legal basis for the processing of the personally identifiable information;
- all third parties with which the business may disclose a data subject’s personally identifiable information [here too, the CCPA only requires disclosure of categories of third parties];
- the purpose of the disclosure of personally identifiable information, including whether the business profits from the disclosure; and
- the contact information of the person employed at the business responsible for personally identifiable information data protection, where applicable.
Consumers would have the right to know and request deletion of the personal information collected about them, and to opt out of the processing of their personal information.
The legislation does not include any exemptions for businesses or personal information subject to the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996, the Fair Credit Reporting Act or the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act.
The legislation provides a private right of action in the event of a breach and damages equal to actual damages or $100 to $750 per data subject per incident, whichever is greater.
The director of the Division of Consumer Affairs in the Department of Law and Public Safety would be tasked with rulemaking.
The bill is identical to one introduced by the sponsor in October 2019, at the end of New Jersey’s 2018-2019 session where it soon died with no significant action taken. At the start of the 2020-2021 legislative session, the bill was reintroduced as S269 and now has two years to make its way through the New Jersey legislative process. No significant action has been taken since its introduction. It is too early to say what the final bill will look like or if it even has the prospect of becoming law.