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Debt Statute of Limitations

The debt statute of limitations is the legal time limit a party has to collect a debt through the court system. After that time a creditor or third party, such as a debt collection law firm, may not sue to enforce the credit agreement. Collecting using traditional methods such as calling or lettering is still allowed. The statute of limitations varies from state to state and by type of debt, and is typically between three and 10 years (see map below)

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Eleventh Circuit Court of Appeals Determines that a “Debt Collector” filing a Bankruptcy Court Proof of Claim on a Time-Barred Account is an FDCPA Violation

In an opinion issued yesterday in two consolidated cases, the Eleventh Circuit Court of Appeals determined that “a particular subset of creditors—debt collectors”—may be liable under the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act (FDCPA) for bankruptcy Proof of Claim filings on debt they know to be time-barred. Both cases were appeals from decisions from the United States District Court for the Southern District of Alabama.

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Maryland Debt Collection Litigation Bill Signed Into Law

SACRAMENTO, Calif. — On Thursday, May 19th, Maryland Governor Larry Hogan signed SB 771/ HB 1491 (Chapter 579) into law, addressing the treatment of out-of-statute debt and statutorily codifies several provisions contained in the Maryland Rules of Procedure (MRP) concerning the litigation of consumer debt. Given that the language from the MRP was copied verbatim, DBA International […]

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Florida’s Third DCA Reverses Course on Statute of Limitations for Mortgage Foreclosure

This article previously appeared on The Consumer Finance Litigation Blog and is republished here with permission. Florida’s Third District Court of Appeal retreated from one of its most unpopular opinions this morning. The Third DCA surprised many with its original ruling in Deutsche Bank Trust Company Americas v. Beauvais¸ 3D14-575 when it split with the Fourth District Court […]

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CFPB Targets ARM Industry — Which Practices Should Your Company Avoid?

The CFPB intends for its consent orders to set industry-wide precedents. In March 2016, CFPB Director Richard Cordray referred to consent orders as a guide “to all participants in the marketplace to avoid similar violations and make an immediate effort to correct any such improper practices,” telling the Consumer Bankers Association that any company not following the precedents set by the CFPB’s consent orders is committing “compliance malpractice.”

Rhode Island ‘Expired Debt Act’ More Than Name Implies

On Jan. 7, the Expired Debt Act (EDA) was introduced in the Rhode Island House of Representatives and referred to the House Committee on Judiciary. Rhode Island has had its own Fair Debt Collection Practices Act (RIFDCPA) that is, for the most part, identical to its federal counterpart. The EDA, however, introduces new definitions and restrictions related to debt collection.

Bankruptcy Code Precludes FDCPA Claim for Filing POC on Time-Barred Debt, Fla. District Court Holds

The U.S. District Court for the Middle District of Florida recently dismissed allegations that a debt buyer violated the federal Fair Debt Collection Practices Act by filing a proof of claim on time-barred debt, holding that such claims are precluded by the Bankruptcy Code, and that the FDCPA does not provide a private right of action against debt collectors who file time-barred proofs of claim in bankruptcy court.

Three Reasons Your Agency Needs to Be Focused on Disparate Impact

The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) has been talking about disparate impact for years and the agency’s favorite controversial methodology – finding evidence of discriminatory practices in data and outcomes rather than intent – has been plenty of trouble for bankers. But the collections industry has not had to deal head-on with the CFPB’s methodology. Does that mean collections firms have nothing to worry about?